USS Brooklyn (Class), CL

Jul 10 2018 - 04:41 UTC by SneakyPete
Edited Aug 25 2018 - 18:19 UTC by SneakyPete
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Special rules:Radar TargetingThe Brooklyn Class design was a further refinement of the New Orleans Class Heavy Cruiser that preceded it. The desire for the Brooklyns arose from the London Naval Treaty of 1930, which limited the construction of heavy cruisers, i.e., ships carrying guns with calibers between 6.1 inches and 8 inches. Great Britain needed trade control cruisers and hoped that the treaty would limit nations to smaller cruisers to a 6,000 to 8,000 ton range that she could afford. Agreement to the London Treaty and the proceeding with the American Light cruiser design can be focused to Admiral William V. Pratt who overrode the vehement objections of the General Board. Under the treaty the US was allowed 30,000 tons for heavy cruisers and 143,500 tons for light cruisers. The United States needed large cruisers to deal with the extreme ranges that operations in the Pacific Ocean required. Cruisers with 6" guns and 10,000 tons were therefore desired. The US Navy's experience with the Omaha Class Cruiser was not all that could be hoped for. The light hull design caused a stressed hull and was very overweight. Design started in 1930, with the first four of the class ordered in 1933 and an additional three ships in 1934. Basic criteria had been that speed and range should match heavy cruisers and, when the Japanese Mogami-class cruisers carrying fifteen six-inch main guns appeared, the new U.S. ships would match their weaponry. Various combinations of armor and power plants were tried in the efforts to stay below the Treaty 10,000 ton limit. Aviation facilities were moved to the stern of the ship from the amidships position of the New Orleans Class cruisers. The Brooklyn Class was equipped with 15 6"/47 Mark 16 naval guns developed from the 6"/53 Mark 8 used on the Omaha Class cruiser. The decision was reached as the gun could achieve up to ten rounds per minute rate of fire. This gave the class the ability to send up to one hundred and fifty rounds a minute at its intended target. This allowed the cruiser to smother an enemy ship with fire. The turret arrangement was five turrets each mounting three guns on a single sleeve. The six-inch guns were of a new design, the Mk 16, which could fire a 130-pound shell up to 26,100 yards (nearly 23,900 meters). The 130-pound shell had twice the penetrative power of the old gun noted at rising from 3.5 inches to 5.5 inches at 10,000 yards and 2 inches of deck armor at 20,000 yards. The impact of the shell changed the General Board's view on the usefulness of light cruisers in service. The ammunition was of the semi-fixed type.Ships in class;BrooklynnPhiladelphiaSavannahNashvillePhoenixBoiseHonoluluFaceBook page: WWII Armada Mod

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